Iron Supplements: Types and Dosage

Many people have an inadequate level of iron in their bodies. They require iron supplements and an iron-rich diet. Changing your diet can help maintain the iron needs of your body and keeps you healthy. Iron is one of the most vital nutrients for everyone’s bodies need to work properly. It is imperative to regulate your red blood cells as almost 70% of it is present in hemoglobin. Therefore, deficiency of iron can disrupt your appetite and daily life too. In order to return the iron levels of the body to normal, doctors recommend liquid iron supplements.

iron supplements

In this article, we will discuss the iron supplements types and Dosage

Types of Iron Supplements

If a person is diagnosed with lower iron levels in their body, physicians recommend an iron supplement to them. They can also buy it without a prescription. Numerous types of iron supplements are available; every supplement contains a varied amount of iron.

Usually, these iron supplements come in tablet form only, but some are available in liquid form also. Researchers have found that these supplements majorly contain Vitamin C, which helps in the absorption of iron. As per the international health institute named, NIH (The National Institute of Health), the following are the form of iron supplements available:

  • ferrous sulfate
  • ferrous gluconate
  • ferric citrate
  • ferric sulfate

It is advisable: Don’t take any kind of supplement without consulting your doctor; it’s great to have a word with a pharmacist or physician before taking them.

Conditions Taking Iron Supplement Can Treat

Anemia caused due to iron deficiency is the most common health condition that can be cured by taking iron supplements. People suffering from anemia have a lower iron level, which disrupts their daily life as they always feel tired.

Taking a proper dosage of iron supplements can help in maintaining a healthy iron level in the body. Iron deficiency is more common to happen to anyone than iron deficiency anemia.

Sometimes iron deficiency doesn’t affect hemoglobin levels in the blood, but the person can experience the following signs and symptoms that indicate the deficiency:

  • Weakness
  • Tiredness or feeling of fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pale/yellowish skin tone
  • Feeling dizzy

Iron deficiency Causes

Discussed below are the causes of iron deficiency:


Pregnant women are more prone to iron deficiency anemia as their body has increased demand for iron. To support the fetus, their blood requires a higher level of iron in comparison to non-pregnant women. According to a survey, taking iron supplements during pregnancy can reduce the risk of low birth weight and premature delivery.

Chronic Diseases

Severe health conditions like cancer can disrupt a person’s immune system to the extent that their body starts repelling iron. Therefore, people who have cancer are at an increased risk of developing anemia. Other medical conditions that also make it harder for the body to absorb iron are celiac, cystic fibrosis, Crohn’s disease, and severe condition of pancreatitis disease.

Unbalanced Diet

Studies have shown that people who don’t take a balanced diet rich in nutrients and minerals are more likely to develop an iron deficiency in the future.

Excessive Blood Loss

Blood loss in women due to menstruation can also be a condition for iron deficiency. Besides, people who have met with an accident and have excessive blood loss can develop such deficits in the blood. Moreover, hernias and gastrointestinal bleeding can be a cause of it.

Many athletes also take iron supplements for better performance. It is also found that some iron deficiency is associated with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). However, many studies deny this fact. Some people take iron supplements irrespective they are advised or not.

Iron Supplements Dosage

Inadequate intake of iron is of no use. People should know the proper amount of iron required by men, women, and children. The iron needs of a body can be different from another based on several factors, including gender and age. In women, there is more bifurcation, whether they are lactating or pregnant.

According to the National Institute of Health, the following is the chart for optimal dosage of iron:


Male Female
0–6 months 0.27mg 0.27mg
7–12 months 11mg 11mg
1–3 years 7mg 7mg
4–8 years 10mg 10mg
9–13 years 8mg 8mg
14–18 years 11mg 15mg(27mg during pregnancy)
19–50 years 8mg 18mg(27mg during pregnancy)
51+ years 8mg 8mg

If women of age between 14 to 18 years require iron supplements during lactating, then the adequate amount is 10mg, and for 19 to 50 years of women, the amount is 9mg.

Liquid Iron Supplements

People experiencing iron deficiency signs and symptoms are advised by healthcare professionals to intake liquid iron supplements. However, irrespective of taking iron supplements, if a person is experiencing tiredness or fatigue or any other symptoms, they should seek medical help.

You may also like...

4 Responses

  1. Krishnan Iyyer says:

    When I take iron tablets, I get black stools. When I asked my doctor about this, he told me that it’s a sign that the iron tablets are working fine.

  2. Tripti Kochar says:

    I am diagnosed with anemia, but whenever I take iron pills, I get vomiting. Is there any solution?

  3. Abhishek Gupta says:

    Hi. Can I take Ferrous sulfate (iron) together with Vit C with zinc? If it’s okay?

  4. Jainkloh says:

    Good tips but actually there are many iron supplements out there that you cannot take without food or they will make you very sick to your stomach, you just have to make sure you take it with proper food that doesn’t have any dairy because dairy and milk products prevent the absorption of iron!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *